OBAMA HOLODOMOR MESSAGE AND MORE ARTICLES ON GARETH JONES

14.11.09


ACTION UKRAINE HISTORY REPORT (AUHR) #9

76th Commemoration of the Holodomor,

Death by Starvation, Millions Died, Genocide.

Washington, D.C., Saturday, November 14, 2009

 

1.  STATEMENT BY U.S. PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA

ON UKRAINIAN HOLODOMOR REMEMBRANCE DAY
Statement by the President, The White House, Office of the Press Secretary
Washington, D.C., Friday, November 13, 2009

 

2.  TRUE EXTENT OF UKRAINE FAMINE REVEALED

IN BRITISH JOURNALIST'S DIARIES
By Jack Malvern, Times, London, United Kingdom, Fri, Nov 13, 2009

 

3.  WELSH JOURNALIST WHO EXPOSED A SOVIET TRAGEDY
By Tomos Livingstone, Western Mail, Cardiff, Wales, UK, Fri, Nov 13, 2009

 

4.  UKRAINE FAMINE DIARIES ON SHOW 

BBC, London, UK, Friday, November 13, 2009

 

5.  THE STALINIST COLLECTIVIZATION CAMPAIGN

AND THE FAMINE-GENOCIDE OF 1932-3
Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Wed, Nov 11, 2009

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1.  STATEMENT BY U.S. PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA ON

UKRAINIAN HOLODOMOR REMEMBRANCE DAY

 

Statement by the President
The White House, Office of the Press Secretary
Washington, D.C., Friday, November 13, 2009

WASHINGTON - Seventy six years ago, millions of innocent Ukrainians – men, women, and children – starved to death as a result of the deliberate policies of the regime of Joseph Stalin.  Tomorrow, we join together, Ukrainian-Americans and all Americans, to commemorate these tragic events and to honor the many victims.

 

From 1932 to 1933, the Ukrainian people suffered horribly during what has become known as the Holodomor – “death by hunger” – due to the Stalin regime’s seizure of crops and farms across Ukraine.  Ukraine had once been a breadbasket of Europe.  Ukrainians could have fed themselves and saved millions of lives, had they been allowed to do so.  As we remember this calamity, we pay respect to millions of victims who showed tremendous strength and courage.  The Ukrainian people overcame the horror of the great famine and have gone on to build a free and democratic country.


Remembering the victims of the man-made catastrophe of Holodomor provides us an opportunity to reflect upon the plight of all those who have suffered the consequences of extremism and tyranny around the world.  We hope that the remembrance of Holodomor will help prevent such tragedy in the future.
 
LINK:
http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/statement-president-ukrainian-holodomor-remembrance-day

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2.  TRUE EXTENT OF UKRAINE FAMINE REVEALED

IN BRITISH JOURNALIST'S DIARIES

By Jack Malvern, Times, London, United Kingdom, Fri, Nov 13, 2009

LONDON - Millions of peasants were starving. Children were turned against adults as they were recruited to expose people accused of hoarding grain. Stalin sealed the border between Russia and Ukraine to ensure that news of the famine would not spread, but one journalist was able to break through to discover the truth.

Gareth Jones, who revealed the story of the forced famine that claimed the lives of four million people in Ukraine in the 1930s, recorded the words of Stalin’s victims in his diaries, which he then used to prepare his dispatch.

The public can see the diaries for the first time today as they go on display at the University of Cambridge.

One entry from March 1933 describes how Jones illegally sneaked across the border from Russia to interview peasants. “They all had the same story: ‘there is no bread; we haven’t had bread for two months; a lot are dying’,” he wrote.
 
“They all said: ‘The cattle are dying. We used to feed the world and now we are hungry. How can we sow when we have few horses left? How will we be able to work in the fields when we are weak from want of food?’ ”

Jones escaped without being detected and sent a “press release” from Berlin, which was printed in Britain and America. The report included an encounter on a train with a Communist, who denied that there was a famine. “I flung a crust of bread which I had been eating from my own supply into a spittoon. A fellow passenger fished it out and ravenously ate it. I threw an orange peel into the spittoon and the peasant again grabbed it and devoured it. The Communist subsided.”

Despite his first-hand account of the starvation, the story of what has become known as the Holodomor (Ukranian for “the famine”) was not widely followed because it was disputed by other Western journalists based in Moscow who wished to placate their contacts.

Walter Duranty, a British-born correspondent for The New York Times, opined that Jones’s judgement had been “somewhat hasty”. He suggested that Jones had a “keen and active mind” and that his 40-mile trek near Kharkov had been a “rather inadequate cross-section of a big country”.

Jones, who wrote occasionally for The Times, was forced to leave the Soviet Union and was dead within two years after a mysterious encounter with bandits in China. He was 29.

Jones’s relatives, who discovered his diaries in the 1990s, believe that his kidnap in China may have been arranged by Soviet spies. David Lloyd George, who consulted Jones on foreign affairs after he stepped down as Prime Minister, hinted that Jones was killed because of something he knew. The diaries, which are on display at the Wren Library, Trinity College, Cambridge until mid-December, lay forgotten for more than 50 years.

Then Gwyneth Jones, who was 94, discovered a suitcase containing her brother’s belongings. Margaret Siriol Colley, 84, Jones’s niece, said: “I remember when he was captured, and the 16 days of awful agony as we waited to learn whether he would be released.”

Rory Finnin, lecturer in Ukranian studies at Cambridge, said that Jones’s diaries finally give a voice to the peasants who died as a result of Stalin’s collectivisation policies. Grain was requisitioned for urban areas and for export to countries including Britain.

Historians continue to debate whether Stalin was deliberately punishing Ukranian nationalists, but it is clear that he allowed the famine to occur. He sealed the border between Russia and Ukraine and punished peasants accused of “hoarding grain”.

Mr Finnin said: “There were a smattering of stories here and there [but] but I don’t know if Western historians gave [the famine] the serious attention that it receives today.”

DIARY EXTRACTS 

“With a bearded peasant who was walking along. His feet were covered with sacking. We started talking. He spoke in Ukranian Russian. I gave him a lump of bread and cheese. ‘You could not buy that anywhere for 20 roubles. There just is no food.’ We walked along and talked, ‘Before the war this was all gold. We had horses and cows and pigs and chickens. Now we are ruined. We are the living dead. You see that field. It was all gold but now look at the weeds.’”

“He took me along to his cottage. His daughter and three little children. Two of the smaller children were swollen... ‘They are killing us.’ ‘People are dying of hunger.’ There was in the hut a spindle and the daughter showed me how to make thread. The peasant showed me his shirt, which was home-made and some fine sacking which had been home-made. ‘But the Bolsheviks are crushing that. They won’t take it. They want the factory to make everything.’ The peasant then ate some very thin soup with a scrap of potato. No bread in house.”

“Talked to a group of peasants. ‘We’re starving. Two months we’ve hardly had bread. We’re from Ukraine and we’re trying to go north. They’re dying quickly in the villages.’”

“[In Karkhov] Queues for bread. Erika [from the German consulate] and I walked along about a hundred ragged, pale people. Militiamen came out of shop whose windows had been battered in and were covered with wood and said: ‘There is no bread’ and ‘There will be no bread today’.”

LINK:
http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article6914869.ece

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3.  WELSH JOURNALIST WHO EXPOSED A SOVIET TRAGEDY

By Tomos Livingstone, Western Mail, Cardiff, Wales, UK, Fri, Nov 13, 2009

CARDIFF - THE diaries of a daring Welsh journalist, who alerted the world to famine in Stalin’s Soviet Union, are to go on public display for the first time. Journals kept by Gareth Jones, who travelled through Russia, Ukraine and China during the 1930s, will be on view at Cambridge University.

Jones, who wrote for the Western Mail, uncovered the 1932-33 Ukrainian famine. Millions died, but the Soviet authorities – and some rival journalists in the West – denied the tragedy had even taken place.

Jones and fellow reporter Malcolm Muggeridge are now revered in Ukraine, and both were awarded the country’s Order of Freedom last year.

In March 1933 Jones, working in Russia, gave the Soviet authorities the slip and crossed the border to Ukraine, determined to verify rumours of widespread famine. His diaries, kept as he travelled from village to village, tell of encounters with starving peasants, many saying they’d had no bread for two months.

One entry, written in Kharkov near the Russian border, reads: “Queues for bread. Erika [from the German Consulate] and I walked along about a hundred ragged, pale people. Militiamen came out of shop whose windows had been battered in and were covered with wood and said: ‘There is no bread’.”
Jones’ great-nephew Nigel Colley said: “These diaries are the only independent Western verification of what was arguably Stalin’s greatest atrocity.”

Discussion of the famine, known in the Ukraine as “Holodomor”, was strictly suppressed, with many Ukrainians only becoming aware of the truth after the fall of communism.

An estimated four million people died after Stalin’s decision to impose farm collectivisation and then to seal the Ukrainian border to punish peasants for supposedly “hoarding grain”.

Rory Finnin, lecturer in Ukrainian studies at the University of Cambridge, said: “Jones was the only journalist who risked his reputation to expose Holodomor to the world. His diaries are a stirring historical record of an often forgotten tragedy.”

Jones managed to return from Ukraine to Germany at the end of March 1933, and announced at a press conference in Berlin on March 29 that millions were starving.  But several foreign correspondents challenged his version of events, including the now-notorious Walter Duranty of the New York Times.

Duranty had won a Pulitzer Prize in 1932 for his own reports on Stalin’s Russia, and dismissed Jones’ as the author of “a big scare story” and insisted there was “no actual starvation”.

Jones was furious at what he perceived as a coterie of compliant foreign correspondents in Moscow unwilling to admit the human costs of the Stalinist regime. Born in Barry in 1905, Jones was regarded as one of the most talented journalists of his generation. As well as writing for the Western Mail, his work appeared in The Times and the Manchester Guardian and the Berliner Tageblatt and American newspapers.

His life was tragically cut short when he was murdered in August 1935 while travelling in Mongolia. He was just 29-years-old.

Mystery still surrounds the exact circumstances of his death; he and a companion were captured by bandits, and held for more than two weeks before Jones was murdered.  There are strong suspicions that the Soviet authorities were involved, not least because his unharmed companion, Dr Herbert Mueller, had known Soviet connections.

David Lloyd George – who had employed Jones as an aide – later wrote: “That part of the world is a cauldron of conflicting intrigue. One or other interests concerned probably knew that Mr Gareth Jones knew too much of what was going on.”

A documentary about Jones by director Serhii Bukovs’kyi will be premiered today as part of the Cambridge Festival of Ukrainian Film. Gareth Jones’ diaries will be displayed at the Wren Library, Trinity College, Cambridge, from today until mid-December.

LINK:
http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/2009/11/13/welsh-journalist-who-exposed-a-soviet-tragedy-91466-25156241/

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4.  UKRAINE FAMINE DIARIES ON SHOW 

 

BBC, London, UK, Friday, November 13, 2009

LONDON - The 1930s diaries of a Welsh investigative reporter who exposed Stalin's "terror famine" in Soviet Ukraine are to go on public display for the first time. Gareth Jones, who was an aide to David Lloyd George, risked his life to travel into Ukraine via Moscow to verify the reports of a famine.


The Holodomor saw millions of Ukrainians starve to death as a result of economic and trade policies instituted by Stalin. Mr Jones' diaries cover the period from 1932-33.

 

Despite his stories appearing in newspapers across the western world, revealing the plight of Ukrainian peasants starving to death, he was discredited by other journalists and banned from the USSR.

 

But his grand-nephew, Nigel Linsan Colley, said Mr Jones had believed in exposing the truth of what was happening to the Ukrainian people.

Two years later, while working in China, Mr Jones was murdered. He was 29.

 

His diaries had remained largely forgotten in the house of his older sister and were not uncovered until she died in the 1990s. Mr Jones' diaries are now on display in Trinity College, Cambridge.

 

LINK: To read article and see the video: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/wales/8359029.stm

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5. THE STALINIST COLLECTIVIZATION CAMPAIGN

AND THE FAMINE-GENOCIDE OF 1932-3

 

Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Wed, Nov 11, 2009

After Vladimir Lenin's death in 1924, Joseph Stalin managed to consolidate his control of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolshevik) in
Moscow. One by one he expelled his allies and potential rivals from the Party and then destroyed them.

 

In the late 1920s he announced the policy of 'socialism in one country,' whereby he abandoned the New Economic Policy and embarked on a program of rapid industrialization and collectivization, which was enforced by means of widespread terror. During the collectivization drive the land of the more prosperous peasants (labelled 'kulaks') was confiscated to create collective farms.

 

At the same time, impossibly high grain delivery quotas were levied on the peasants; this grain was then sold by the government at high prices in order to pay for the implementation the First Five-Year Plan. When the kulaks and other peasants refused or were unable to meet these unrealistic quotas, practically all their grain stocks were confiscated.

 

Special detachments of urban activists searched the homes of collective and independent farmers and seized all the grain they could find to fulfill the delivery quota. Peasants were forbidden to save grain for seed, feed, or even human consumption; all of it was removed.

 

To minimize peasant opposition, a law introduced the death penalty 'for violating the sanctity of socialist property.' This state of affairs led to the terrible, man-made Famine-Genocide of 1932-3, which resulted in several million deaths from starvation and related diseases in Ukraine...

LEARN MORE
about the Stalinist collectivization and the Famine-Genocide of 1932-3 by visiting:
http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/featuredentry.asp or by visiting: http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com and searching for such entries as:

STALIN, JOSEPH (real name: Yosif Dzhugashvili), b 21 December 1879 in Gori, Georgia, d 5 March 1953 in Moscow. Soviet political leader and absolute dictator of the USSR. In 1922, as people's commissar of state control and then general secretary of CC of the Russian Communist Party, Stalin
rejected the concept of a union of independent and equal republics and advocated instead the incorporation of the national republics into the Russian SFSR.

 

Although his idea was rejected, the Russian republic was made the cornerstone of the new union. Stalin relied on the Russian state bureaucracy to convert the Union into a centralized, totalitarian empire.

 

After Lenin's death he created a mass personality cult that glorified first Lenin and then himself as an all-powerful and all-knowing leader. In the late 1920s he abandoned the New Economic Policy and embarked on a program of rapid industrialization and collectivization, which was enforced by means of widespread terror. Millions of Ukrainian peasants were starved to death during the Famine-Genocide of 1932-3, millions of people were imprisoned in concentration camps, and hundreds of thousands were executed by the secret police...
 
COLLECTIVIZATION.
In Soviet terminology the transformation of agriculture from private-capitalist to collective-socialist production. The All-Union Communist Party (Bolshevik) introduced forced collectivization because here was not enough capital to fulfill the First Five-Year Plan of rapid
industrialization. Additional capital could be secured only by increasing exports of farm products, and so large quantities of them had to be purchased at low prices.

 

The Soviet government also wanted to deprive the peasants of their own means of production and to draw excess labor resources from the countryside into the cities. At first the government of the Ukrainian SSR resisted the decisions coming from Moscow about an accelerated, forced collectivization, but in November 1930 it agreed to collectivize 70 percent of the land by the spring of 1931.

 

The extent of  resistance among the Ukrainian peasants can be seen in the official statistics: during 1931 alone arson was reported on 24.7 percent of the new collective farms, poisoning of cattle on 3.8 percent, destruction of machinery on 9.6 percent, and assault on Party activists on 44 percent. Revolts and uprisings broke out in many villages...

COLLECTIVE FARM
(Ukrainian: kolhosp; Russian: kolkhoz). In the Ukrainian SSR collective farms were introduced in 1928-33 during the
government-enforced collectivization drive. Collectivization was achieved by the abolition of privately owned farms and the intervention of political and police agencies. Apart from the land, which belonged to the state, members of the collective farms owned their principal means of production in common.

 

The main purpose of the collective farms in the Soviet economic system was to provide the state with the maximum cost-free capital for developing heavy industry, arming the military, and maintaining the bureaucracy. Taking into account the demand for agricultural products inside the country and abroad, the government assigned maximal delivery quotas and minimal delivery prices.

 

The government then sold the products delivered by the collective farms at the highest prices, thus reaping a huge profit. The profits of this operation were appropriated by the state treasury through the turnover tax. These profits were to a large extent absolute rents that the state exacted from the collective farms...
 

KULAK
(Ukrainian: KURKUL). A Russian term for a peasant who owned a prosperous farm and a substantial allotment of land, which he worked with the help of hired labor. In the Soviet period the term 'kulak' became an ambiguous Party construct but with a fundamentally negative connotation.

 

At times it was applied to all well-to-do peasants; at other times it was used to tar all peasants who opposed Soviet rule. Soviet leaders regarded the prosperous peasant strata as their chief internal enemy. Any rural revolt was attributed to 'kulaks.' At the beginning of the collectivization drive in 1929 the Party decided to 'liquidate the kulak as a class.'

 

The law allowing land leasing and hired labor was abolished and the confiscation of the kulaks' property and their arrests and deportation to Siberia was allowed. Beginning in February 1930, government orders were zealously pursued by special armed dekulakization brigades. Peasants were informed that their property no longer belonged to them and were forbidden to leave their villages without permission.

 

By 10 March 1930, 11,374 peasant families--one-third of all those dekulakized--had been arrested and deported from the 11 regions targeted for rapid collectivization in Ukraine...

GRAIN PROCUREMENT.
The means by which the state obtains large grain reserves to feed the armed forces, the civil service, and the industrial
work force, to use as export, and to be fully able to satisfy the consumption needs of the population. In 1920-1, when the main anti-Bolshevik forces had been defeated, Ukrainian grain deliveries to the Soviet state amounted to 2.6 million t out of a gross harvest of about 8.6 million t.

 

This expropriation, combined with drought and reduced sowings, led to the famine of 1921-2 and millions of deaths in the five southern gubernias of Ukraine. After collectivization began in the late 1920s, extremely high delivery quotas were levied. When the kulaks and other peasants refused or were unable to meet them, practically all their grain stocks were confiscated.

 

After the 'liquidation of the kulaks as a class,' the collective farms and state farms assumed the burden of grain deliveries. Peasant opposition to collectivization caused agricultural production to decline dramatically, yet the state continued to demand
delivery of the same and even greater grain quotas. This state of affairs led to the terrible, man-made Famine-Genocide of 1932-3...

FAMINE-GENOCIDE OF 1932-3 (Holodomor). The mass murder by Stalin's Soviet regime of millions of Ukrainian peasants. This tragic event was

 

       (1) a planned repression of the peasants of Soviet Ukraine for massively resisting the Stalinist state's collectivization drive;

       (2) a deliberate offensive aimed at undermining, terrorizing, and neutralizing the nucleus and bulwark of the Ukrainian nation and recent Ukrainization

             efforts; and

       (3) the result of the forced export of grain, other foodstuffs, and livestock in exchange for the imported machinery the USSR required for the

             implementation of the Stalinist policy of rapid industrialization.

 

In 1932 Ukraine had an average grain harvest of 146.6 million centers (15.5 million centers more than in 1928), and there was no climatic danger of famine. Yet, because of onerous forced grain requisition quotas that the Bolshevik state imposed upon the Ukrainian rural population, the peasants already experienced hunger in the spring of 1932.

 

The grain collections were brutally carried out by 112,000 special Bolshevik agents sent to Ukraine to extract grain by using terror against both collectivized and independent farmers. Consequently mass starvation and disease became rampant, resulting in millions of deaths.

 

NOTE: The preparation, editing, and display of the IEU entries featuring the Stalinist collectivization campaign and the Famine-Genocide of 1932-3 were
made possible by a generous donation from ARKADI MULAK-YATSKIVSKY of Los Angeles, CA, USA.

ABOUT IEU:
Once completed, the Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine will be the most comprehensive source of information in English on Ukraine, its history, people, geography, society, economy, and cultural heritage. With over 20,000 detailed encyclopedic entries supplemented with thousands of maps, photographs, illustrations, tables, and other graphic and/or audio materials, this immense repository of knowledge is designed to present Ukraine and Ukrainians to the world.

At present, only 18% of the entire planned IEU database is available on the IEU site. New entries are being edited, updated, and added daily. However,
the successful completion of this ambitious and costly project will be possible only with the financial aid of the IEU supporters. Become the IEU
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http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/donor.asp) and help the CIUS in creating the world's most authoritative electronic information
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CONTACT: Dr. Marko R. Stech, Managing Director, CIUS Press
Project Manager, Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine
Project Manager, Hrushevsky Translation Project
E-mail:
m.stech@utoronto.ca
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Mr. E. Morgan Williams, Director, Government Affairs,
Washington Office, SigmaBleyzer;
President/CEO, U.S.-Ukraine Business Council (USUBC);
Publisher & Editor, Action Ukraine Report (AUR);

Founder/Trustee: Holodomor: Through The Eyes of Ukrainian Artists

Founder/Trustee: Gulag, Through The Eyes of Ukrainain Artists
1701 K Street, NW, Suite 903, Washington, D.C. 20006
Telephone: 202 437 4707; E-Mail:
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